What are the Roof Ventilation Issues?
Even though roof ventilation can seem to be a trivial issue, it has huge repercussions on the quality of life, comfort, and safety of residents of the building. Ventilation plays a major role in the natural circulation of air in a building, and improper ventilation can cause a variety of problems, including weakening the roof structure over time.
Without ventilation on the roof, the heat and moisture in a building have no way to escape out of the building. The heat and moisture can start the deterioration of the building structure, causes mildew and rotting of wood structures and furniture. You also stand the risk of voiding the warranty of roof shingle manufacturer if you install the shingles over a roof with improper ventilation.
Condensation is another common issue that owes its origins to improper roof ventilation. There are quite a few issues that arise in a building due to poor roof ventilation, and the owners may be unaware of the actual cause. Through this article, let us explore what the common and menacing roof ventilation issues are.
What are the Roof Ventilation Issues?
1. Upsurge In The Heat And Humidity
The heat and humidity inside a building rise upwards and settles near the roof without working roof ventilation, especially in the warm summer weather. Without roof ventilation, the heat and moistures remain inside the building and cause extreme discomfort to anyone inside the building.
You will also consume more electricity due to using air conditioners to maintain bearable temperatures. Besides, heat and moisture can also cause rust, mold, and mildew to develop that will weaken the building structure.
2. Damage To The Roof Structure
Excess heat can cause damage to the shingles of the roof and also cause deterioration of the color of shingles. Humidity can cause mold and mildew to develop in the interiors which can cause allergies to appear in healthy individuals. The presence of excess moisture also causes the rotting of wooden structures of the roof.
The rotting of the decking and the supports of the roof can cause sagging of the roof due to the weakening of the roof system. Sagging of the roof can be a safety hazard as it may collapse and injure any person in the building. The shingles of the roof may also warp and deform their shape from the effects of heat and moisture.
Moisture is the prime nemesis of all metallic components, and the build-up of moisture due to poor ventilation causes rusting of nails and steel structures. Rust can also affect other components of a building, such as heating pipes, plumbing, and venting ducts to rust and break. Rusting can eventually cause the loss of shingles on the roof.
The primary cause of condensation in an indoor environment is due to a faulty roof ventilation system. The warm and moist air circulating inside the building settles on a cool surface usually near the roof in the form of droplets. Moisture can also dissolve the bonds between the individual components of the decking of the roof.
Condensation can lead to the growth of mold and mildew and the rotting of wooden components and structures. Rusting also happens faster due to the abundance of moisture in the vicinity due to condensation. Condensation can even cause the shingles to buckle and the effects of condensation are particularly prominent in winter.
5. Formation Of Ice Dams
Ice dams are a phenomenon that occurs in the winter, where the ice builds up only on the edges of the roof, and it occurs due to faulty roof ventilation. In the winter season, snowfall can occur over your home and especially the roof. Due to the generation of heat inside the building because of faulty roof ventilation, the snow on the top of the roof melts.
The meltwater runs down to the edge of the roof, where the temperature is cold, and the water refreezes while dripping down from the roof, causing ice dams. Ice dams are dangerous for the roof as the excess weight of ice at the edges causes stresses and strains on the structure, causing damage. The water may also seep inside the roofing materials and into your building.
The natural ventilation in a building works by the stack effect in which the hot, stale air rises upwards and escapes through the exhaust. Concurrently, the cool, fresh air enters through an intake and proceeds to move downwards. The effect of the wind also plays a critical part in the proper circulation of air inside a building.
The wind constantly blowing on the roof of a building increases the rate of exchange of warm and cool air, generating a natural effect of ventilation. Roof ventilation needs changes with every building, and several factors such as geographical location, design of the building, and the local climate decide the optimal ventilation for a building.
Adequate ventilation reduces the temperature difference between the inside and the outside of a building. However, it while still protecting the inhabitants from extreme heat and cold of outside weather. The imprisoning of heat and moisture in a building are the most dangerous effects of poor roof ventilation.
The cost of installing a proper roof ventilation system or upgrading the existing roof to accommodate excellent roof ventilation is small. On the contrary, if you do not have good roof ventilation, you may incur substantial costs for repairing your building structure and belongings such as furniture due to rust, rotting, sagging of the roof, and many more.
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